Socialization

What Is Socialization ?

Human infants are born without any culture.  They must be transformed by their parents, teachers, and others into cultural and socially adept animals.  The general process of acquiring culture is referred to as socialization. Successful socialization can result in uniformity within a society.

Socialization is important in the process of personality formation.  While much of human personality is the result of our genes, the socialization process can mold it in particular directions by encouraging specific beliefs and attitudes as well as selectively providing experiences.  This very likely accounts for much of the difference between the common personality types in one society in comparison to another.  For instance, the Semai tribesmen of the central Malay Peninsula of Malaysia typically are gentle people who do not like violent, aggressive individuals.  In fact, they avoid them whenever possible.  In contrast, the Yanomamö Indians on the border area between Venezuela and Brazil usually train their boys to be tough and aggressive.

How are People Socialized?

Socialization is the process by which children and adults learn from others. We begin learning from others during the early days of life; and most people continue their social learning all through life (unless some mental or physical disability slows or stops the learning process). Sometimes the learning is fun, as when we learn a new sport, art or musical technique from a friend we like. At other times, social learning is painful, as when we learn not to drive too fast by receiving a large fine for speeding.

Agents of Socialization

The individual responds differently to different socialization patterns. The following paragraphs will help to explain the influences of socialization on an individual.

Family
The most important agent of socialization, family helps mold an individual. The family values, beliefs, religious inclinations and political views shape an individual’s outlook towards society. Parents are the biggest influence for the social development in children.

Schools
After family, schools are probably the most important influence on an individual. Schools help pass on knowledge, create awareness and inculcate the feelings of tolerance in individuals. The second step to socialization is schools where a child meets different children and learns to make out the right and wrong in society.

Community and Culture
Community and culture help pass on the religious views and cultural traditions in an individual. A community is the group where an individual meets people with similar ideologies and interact for personal and community growth.

Peers
Meeting like-minded people, making friends and hanging out together may seem like a teenagers life. But in fact, each and every individual in society loves to have social contact. Peers have great impact on an individual’s thoughts and line of thinking. An individual learns to behave in a manner that they think will be acceptable to their peers. Peer acceptance is an important part of socialization.

Mass Media
In today’s world, mass media is one of important ways of socialization. People are influenced by the social norms portrayed by the mass media. Political, religious and social views are enforced in a hard way through the repeated exposure and arguments put forth by the agents of mass media.
Through the above explanation, you will understand, that agents of socialization play an important role in an individual’s life. The different positive attributes fed by these agents create harmony in an individual that makes him feel confident and respect social etiquette.

TYPES OF SOCIALIZATION

Primary socialization for a child is very important because it sets the ground work for all future socialization. Primary Socialization occurs when a child learns the attitudes, values, and actions appropriate to individuals as members of a particular culture. It is mainly influenced by the immediate family and friends. For example if a child saw his/her mother expressing a discriminatory opinion about a minority group, then that child may think this behavior is acceptable and could continue to have this opinion about minority groups.

Secondary socialization Secondary socialization refers to the process of learning what is the appropriate behavior as a member of a smaller group within the larger society. Basically, it is the behavioral patterns reinforced by socializing agents of society. Secondary socialization takes place outside the home. Secondary Socialization is usually associated with teenagers and adults, and involves smaller changes than those occurring in primary socialization. Such examples of Secondary Socialization are entering a new profession or relocating to a new environment or society.

Anticipatory socialization Anticipatory socialization refers to the processes of socialization in which a person “rehearses” for future positions, occupations, and social relationships. For example, a couple might move in together before getting married in order to try out, or anticipate, what living together will be like] Research by Kenneth J. Levine and Cynthia A. Hoffner suggests that parents are the main source of anticipatory socialization in regards to jobs and careers.

Re-socialization Re-socialization refers to the process of discarding former behavior patterns and reflexes, accepting new ones as part of a transition in one’s life. This occurs throughout the human life cycle. Re-socialization can be an intense experience, with the individual experiencing a sharp break with his or her past, as well as a need to learn and be exposed to radically different norms and values

 

 

 

Organizational socialization

Organizational socialization is the process whereby an employee learns the knowledge and skills necessary to assume his or her organizational role. As newcomers become socialized, they learn about the organization and its history, values, jargon, culture, and procedures. This acquired knowledge about new employees’ future work environment affects the way they are able to apply their skills and abilities to their jobs. Socialization functions as a control system in that newcomers learn to internalize and obey organizational values and practices.

 

 

5 Most Richest Country In The World

The richest countries in the world measured in terms of GDP( Gross Domestic Product).  GDP is the total markets value of all goods and services produced in a country in year. The richest countries are fully developed and the citizens of that country has standard of living like need of Human rights,medical facilities , education,Proper Drinking water ,Equivalence  atmosphere between political parties. Top 5 richest country in the world -Qatar : Luxembourg:  Singapore: Norway:Kuwait

 

 

  Qatar : Arab nation: GDP  per capita  ($129,076,88)

Qatar  Officially  the state of Qatar is a sovereign country located in the South – west Asia..Capital of Qatar is a Doha . In Qatar Qatari Riyal use as a currency. State of Qatar is a high income economy and has per capita  income in the world .The worlds 3 largest oil and natural gas  reverses accounts for 70%of its government revenue , 60%of its GDP ,85% of its export earning .It  has a fame of having standard of living with lowest tax in the world for its citizens . The country has vast land making it an attraction for investment. Income resources –Crude oil production and refining, Ammonia fertilizers ,steel plants,Bars , commercial ship repair .Qatar,s proved reserves of natural gas.GDP- 13% .Qatar is the richest country in the world and home to the 2022 FIFA  CUP,the first Arab nation to ever hold this role.

 

 

Luxembourg; Europe Country  GDP per  Capita  ($100,991)

Luxembourg is a land locked country in Western Europe .Officially called THE Grand  Douchy  Of L Luxembourg .Capital of   Luxembourg is  Luxembourg City.Euro is main currency of Luxembourg. Luxembourg with just half a million population rank number second  in list of richest country has per capita is ($100,991) which is 9 times of the world average . The nation  is the 2 largest investment fund centre ,high-income market with low inflation and high innovation .Luxembourg known as “ Green heart of Europe ”. Financial sector ,Dynamic industrial, steel , Banking the backbone of this strong economy.Banking in L Luxembourg is a largest of its with an asset of base over $1.24 trillenalone. Income resource – banking ,Iron steel  Telecommunications industry ,Agricultural.28 %of GDP  remunerated for the decline in steel.Average GDP IS 0.9%.Due to attractive corporate tax laws ideal place for headquarters of many international companies.

 

 

Singapore: Asian Country GDP  per capita ($85,00

Singapore is a modern city-state located in South East Asia.Officially known as The Republic of Singapore.The capital city of Singapore is the city of Singapore city.Singapore known for as the Lion city, The Red  Dot ,The Garden city .Currency of Singapore is Singapore Dollar.Singapore ,one of the cleanest cities in the world with best air port in the world.Tourism is the main source of revenue for this country its boost its GDP.Singapore one of the highest business earing Tycoons countries in the world .The country relevant to invest  as it has attractive investment climate ,stable political that makes per capita income 3 highest country in world. Income resource – Biotechnolgy ,Banking ,Exports Electronics ,Energy.Singapore is  also shipping and transportation hub for Asia.Tourism spot like  Woodlands ,Tengeh Reservoir as numerous  visit all over world.It is a second largest busiest port in the world .of It is a small country with 5.5 Million  population a huge percentage Buddhism followed.

 

 

Norway: Europe country GDP per capita ($99,500)

Norway is a sovereign country located in North  of Europe .officially is known as The  Kindom of Norway. Capital of Norway is Oslo.Currency of Norway is known as Norwagian Krone.Commonly known as Land of rising of sun .Norway has been in the list of richest country because of its well-developed economical industry .Norway  4 richest country in the world ,3 biggest exporter of natural gas,7 largest oil exports in the world.It has created  multiple jobs,provide educations and medical facilities to the individuals.  Norway is one of largest and most influential financial markets. Income resources Tourism, exporter of Natural gases, Minerals,Sea food .Today GDP Stands ($95,000) fellow independent monetary policy.

 

 

Kuwait:Asia country GDP per capita  ($73,298)

Kuwait is an Arab country located in the Western region of Asia. Kuwait officially known as The State of Kuwait currency is The Kuwaiti dinar is the highest –valued currency unit  in the world . Capital of Kuwait is Kuwait city. One of the 5 richest country in world( $73,298).It has petroleum –based economy as 6 largest petroleum reveres account for half of GDP .Kuwait  crude oil reserve which ate about 102 billion barress.It gives best job chance to individual of whole world.Income resources – Toursim ,water desalination ,Oil reserves 95% export revenues and government income .In early days little diversity in economics due to positive fiscal situations.It is also ruled by a stable monarchial government which conduct all  the country affairs .