Diversity &Diversity management in workplace (America,London)

Definition of Diversity

Diversity refers to any perceived difference among people: age, race, religion, functional specially, profession, sexual orientation, geographic origin, and lifestyle, tenure with the organization or position and any other perceived difference. Diversity is more than equal employment and affirmative action.

Elements of Diversity

Age

Gender

Ethnicity

Race

Physical

AbilitySexual Orientation

Physical Characteristice

IncomeEducation

Marital Status

Religious Beliefs

Geographic Location

Parental Status

Personality Type

 

Diversity management

Roosevelt Thomas ( america) defined managing diversity as “a comprehensive managerial process for developing an environment that works for all employees.” Diversity management is about full utilization of people with different backgrounds and experiences. Effective diversity management strategy has a positive effect on cost reduction, creativity, problem solving, and organizational flexibility.

How to Manage Diversity in a Workplace

Diversity in the workplace means bringing together people of different ethnic backgrounds, religions and age groups into a cohesive and productive unit. Advances in communication technology, such as the Internet and cellular phones, have made the marketplace a more global concept.

Step 1

Confirm that all of your personnel policies from hiring to promotions and raises are based on employee performance. Avoid allowing tenure, ethnic background or any other kind of category into your human resources policies. Managing a diverse workplace begins with strong policies of equality from the company. Once these policies are in place, the company can begin implementing diversity measures throughout the entire organization.

Step 2

Rate the qualifications of the candidate based on the quality of his experience, not age or any other category, when hiring. When you hire a diverse but qualified workforce, you are on the right track towards being able to manage the diversity in your company.

Step 3

Encourage diversity when creating teams and special work groups within the company. If a manager creates a work group that does not utilize the skills of the most qualified employees, then insists that the group be changed to include all qualified staff members.

 

Barriers and Challenges to Managing Diversity

Most common barriers to implementing successful diversity programs:

Inaccurate stereotypes and prejudice: This barrier manifests itself in the belief that differences are viewed as weaknesses. In turn, this promotes the view that diversity hiring will mean sacrificing competence and quality.

Poor career planning.: This barrier is associated with the lack of opportunities for diverse employees to get the type of work assignments that qualify them for senior management positions.

Difficulty in balancing career and family issues: Women still assume the majority of the responsibilities associated with raising children. This makes it harder for women to work evenings and weekends or to frequently travel once they have children. Even without children in the picture, household chores take more of a woman’s time than a man’s time.

Fears of reverse discrimination: Some employees believe that managing diversity is a smoke screen for reverse discrimination. This belief leads to very strong resistance because people feel that one person’s gain is another’s loss.

Resistance to change.:Effectively managing diversity entails significant organizational and personal change.

Among the advantages of diversity in the workplace ( London) are:

Increased Productivity:  Diversity and Inclusion brings in diverse different talents together working towards a common goal using different sets of skills that ignites their loyalty and increases their retention and productivity

Increased creativity and Problem solving: With so many different and diverse minds coming together many more solutions will arise as every individual brings in their way of thinking, operating and solving problems and decision making

Attract and Retain talent that add a competitive edge to any organization.  Feeling included and appreciated increases loyalty and feeling of belonging.  Language skills pool is increased and propels organization forward either to compete in the International global world or to increase its diverse customer base

Help to build synergy in teams and enhances communication skills that brings in new attitudes and processes that profit the whole team

Applying the proper diversity& inclusion management strategies does not only save money on  generated by discrimination lawsuits but is the right thing to do for the business.

It increases market share and create a satisfied diverse customer base bre lating to people from different backgrounds.  It does propel the United States and its status to claim its place and success in the global business world of the 21st century

Brief desciption to the Ancient The Indus valley civilization&Mohenjo Daro

Where is the Indus valley ?

The Indus Valley is on the border between India,Pakistan and Afghanistan.The main city may have been Mohenjo-Daro but it could have been Harappa.

To the West of Mohenjo-Daro are the Highlands.North East of Mohenjo Daro are the Himalayan mountains.

When was the Harappan Civilization at its peak in the Indus Valley?

The Indus Valley civilization lived in the Valley about 4000 years ago, 2600-1900 B.C. It was discovered by numerous scientists and archaeologists in 1921. Alexander Cunningham, the director general of the Archaeological Survey in India, visited the Harappan ruins to look at the Buddhist remains along with the next director of the ASI, John Marshall. They set up an excavation to investigate the mysterious ancient ruins. The dig began in 1920 led by archaeologist Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni.   Many different art facts have been uncovered in the Indus Valleys main cities, Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.

The Civilization in the Indus Valley

The people in the Indus valley formed the earliest urban civilization in  the sub Indian  continent and one of the earliest in the world.Another name for the Indus valley civilization is the Harappan civilization. The first excavations that were made in the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro which were conducted in 1921-1922. Excavations also discovered that men and women dressed in colourful robes , the women also wore lipstick! For dinner it might have been hot bread served with barley or rice.  . The Indus valley civilization was a  wonderful pla

Why did the Harappan civilization decide to live in the Indus Valley?

The Indus Valley civilization may of lived there because of the Indus River which flows through the valley. It over-flowed every year leaving soil perfect for growing crops in. It could of also been used for transport and food such as fish. The Indus Valley was also well protected by the Himalayan Mountain Range.

Streets -Buildings

The Indus tribe lived in houses just like today. They where built from bricks and cement and must have been very strong because lots of these buildings are still standing today. They had a very complex city structure with one to two floors, to each building, yet there has been no evidence that the tribe had doors separating any of the rooms.

The Indus tribe lived in houses just like today. They where built from bricks and cement and must have been very strong because lots of these buildings are still standing today. They had a very complex city structure with one to two floors, to each building, yet there has been no evidence that the tribe had doors separating any of the rooms.

The Great Bath

The bath is made from tightly fitted bricks which had tar on the inside of the bath. The tar was used as a water proof layer so the people could bath. Archaeologists aren’t sure how they filled it up but they found a well near by.

The bath was 12 metres long and 7 metres wide. Archaeologists think, where the brick pedestals are, there use to be really tall pillars.

The Drainage System

There is  evidence of very sophisticated drainage systems in the cities of the Indus Civilisation. The drainage systems were so big that a human would have been able to walk through the middle of one. This was really helpful because if the drain was blocked, the drain could be easily accessed. They were also very clever because they used cement and clay bricks to make the drains, which always sloped downhill. There is evidence which shows lots of small footprints in the bricks. This may indicate that children helped to make the bricks.

Indus valley toys

These toy figures are made out of clay . They were for children to play with.The wood could of rotted so they might of put wood back on. The axels are replaced as well as the poles on the back of the cart.

These are ceramic sculptures of a small cart with vases and tools pulled by oxen,from Mohenjo-daro.

Dice

Physical and written evidence of dice and dominoes  have been uncovered by archaeologists studying the Ancient Indus. Also they were studying ancient China, Meso-America, Egypt, Greece and Rome. An ancient form of Ludo was played as well as an ancient form of chess, which was played in the Indus valley. A board, uncovered in the area of Mohenjo-Daro, was said to be the oldest chess board discovered in the Seals of the Indus Valley

The seals are the key which archaeologists used to realised that the Indus civilization really exists. There was two seals found in 1924 in two different ancient cities six hundred km apart which proved the two cities were linked. The seals were used for part of trade and some seals have their family names carved on.  This is a terracotta seal from Mohenjo-daro depicting a collection of animals and some script symbols. This sealing may have been used in specific rituals as a narrative token that tells the story of an important myth.

Indus valley’s jewellery

The Indus valley is rich in many metals and worthy stones such as Carnelian, gold, copper, turquoise and other metals/semi precious stones. The people of the Indus valley didn’t get the precious materials themselves, they traded with other nearby cities who had  originally mined these expensive jewels and stones . They then brought them back to their own civilization and then fashioned them into jewellery.