Patriotism and National Pride
Every social group has its own notions of loyalty. The institution of family embeds loyalty to the family as a social group. When a son and his wife and children separate from the rest of the family or when brothers divide their property, the neighborhood reacts with sorrow and not glee. Caste associations emphasize the benefits which come from an active participation and cooperation between different members of the same caste. Tribal groups, too, emphasize similar benefits from collaboration.
The notion of patriotism is different from such forms of group loyalty. The difference lies in its close affinity with the state. Patriotism is not based upon kinship or of shared descent like in families, castes and tribes. Patriotism is based upon the idea of a nation and its central institution, the state.
What is Patriotism?
The standard dictionary definition reads “love of one’s country.” This captures the core meaning of the term in ordinary use; but it might well be thought too thin. Stephen Nathanson (1993, 34–35) defines patriotism as involving:
- Special affection for one’s own country
- A sense of personal identification with the country
- Special concern for the well-being of the country
- Willingness to sacrifice to promote the country’s good
Accordingly, patriotism can be defined as love of one’s country, identification with it, and special concern for its well-being and that of compatriots.
Patriotism and nationalism
In the 19th century, Lord Acton contrasted “nationality” and patriotism as affection and instinct vs. a moral relation. Nationality is “our connection with the race” that is “merely natural or physical,” while patriotism is the awareness of our moral duties to the political community (Acton 1972, 163). Patriotism involves pride in, or endorsement of, one’s country.
(a) National Flag : The National Flag of India was designed by Pingali Venkay yaand and adopted in its present form during the meeting of Constituent Assembly held on the 22 July 1947, a few days before India’s independence from the British on 15 August, 1947. It served as the national flag of the Dominion of India between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950 and that of the Republic of India thereafter. In India, the term “tri colour” refers to the Indian national flag. In the national flag of India the top band is of Saffron colour, indicating the strength and courage of the country. The white middle band indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra. The last band is green in colour shows the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land. This Dharma Chakra depicted the “wheel of the law” in the Sarnath Lion Capital made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The chakra intends to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.
National Emblem : The National Emblem features Four lions standing back to back on a platform. There is a wheel in the centre of the platform. A bull stands on the right of the wheel and a horse on its left. If you see the corners of the base you’ll spot the outlines of other wheels. The words Satyameva Jayate (‘Truth Alone Triumphs’) from an ancient book the Mundaka Upanishad are written below the picture in Hindi.
National Anthem: The National Anthem is the song Jana-gana-mana. It was written by the Nobel Prize winning poet, Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali, but it is the Hindi translation which is used officially. Tagore’s poem Bharat Bhagya Vidhata has five stanzas but only the first stanza is the National Anthem. The National Anthem was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 24 January 1950.
The playing time of the National Anthem is 52 seconds.
National Song: The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Chatterji is India’s National Song.
The song was chosen because it had inspired many people during India’s struggle freedom
National Bird: The Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus) is the National Bird of India.
The peacock is a swan-sized bird with a tail of colourful feathers.
National Animal: The National animal is the majestic tiger (Panthera tigris).
The tiger is a big ‘wild’ cat with a thick yellow coat of fur, marked with dark stripes.
It’s strength and speed make it one of the most feared animals in the jungle.
National Flower: The National Flower of India is the lotus. This beautiful flower is found on the surface of lakes and even dirty ponds especially during the rainy season. Its stem and roots are not visible as they stay under the water. The lotus is a popular symbol. Sometimes it is used to show how a good thing can grow out of a bad place.
Activity: Ask students what are some things about India they would remember and would feel proud about if they migrate to another county.
e.g. Indian food, festivals, culture